Security Technology

Top 5 main security technologies you need to know about

Information security is a multibillion-dollar industry, growing exponentially year after year. This includes the fast-growing popularity of interlinked data systems, and new tech adoptions such as IoT, virtual workplaces, and online e-commerce fuel the thriving cybersecurity sector. More tech and data utilization increases the threat surface and hence the need for expandable security solutions.

Security technologies include hardware and software products as well as professional or automated security services. These technologies evolve rapidly due to the dynamic nature of tech and threat landscapes. Here’s a highlight of five security technologies shaping cybersecurity in 2021 and beyond:

Multi-factor authentication

In the 2019 Data Breach Investigations Report, 29 percent of all data breaches in a working sample involved stolen credentials. Most hacking and phishing attacks target privileged users. On top of that, many account holders reuse the same passwords on multiple accounts and have little regard for password strength.

But even with a strong password policy, the traditional username-password combination alone is not enough to secure accounts. Multi-factor authentication adds an extra layer of protection by requiring users to confirm their identities using various means. An MFA login system checks for something the user has, is or knows, and verifies the correct credentials.

Hardware-embedded authentication

You can think of hardware authentication as MFA, except it’s baked into the user’s hardware. For instance, a bank ATM requires a PIN input, but you also must provide a card to carry out transactions. Using hardware tokens to authenticate users is not a new security technology, but advancements in biometrics have taken it to a whole other level.

Biometric scanners are more secure than passwords. And nowadays, you don’t even need dedicated hardware for facial recognition or fingerprint scans. Mid-range smartphones can do this, meaning client-based mobile apps can have advanced authentication features.

User-behavior analytics

User-behavior analytics (UBA) is a security technology that employs AI to study and register every user’s behavioral metrics to pinpoint and flag unusual activities. Suppose a user deviates from their typical system navigation path by making unexpected requests, changing system configuration settings, or logging in from a different location. In that case, it might indicate the account has been compromised.

UBA is usually integrated with security information and event management (SIEM) to create an intelligent event and user management system that does more than just log user activities.

Deep learning

Deep learning or deep neural learning is a subset of machine learning based on AI. It’s a computer system that mimics the human brain’s natural knowledge and decision-making processes. Machine learning is common in data analytics fields such as big data and predictive modeling. But it also has a place in IT security.

Deep learning tools can analyze network traffic, server requests, and computing performance, searching for anomalous behavior. Deep learning works much like a UBA system, but it has a broader and more technical scope.

Intelligent surveillance

Intelligent surveillance systems (ISS) are commonplace in modern physical security systems. The truth is, you can’t truly realize IT security without protecting on-prem assets. An ISS combines traditional video, audio, and motion surveillance with the real-time analytic capabilities of AI. This security technology allows you to monitor activities within and around your premises, especially in access-only and restricted areas, with minimal human intervention.

After flagging suspicious activities, these systems can raise alarms, send alert notifications to the relevant personnel, or initiate automatic intruder deterrent measures. Having smart eyes in the ceiling is especially useful in sensitive data centers and server rooms.

It’s essential to understand the solutions available when figuring out your organization’s best security technology. When it comes to technology, particularly in IT security, newer is always better. But remember, it’s a matter of choosing what works for your business model and its security needs.

Ready to take a more proactive approach when it comes to protecting your business? You’ve come to the right people. Reach out to GB Tech today and stay protected.